International Standard of Toys（Summary）
In China, from June 1, 2007, all toy products included in the list of mandatory product certification can not be pushed on exfactory sales, Imported or used in other business activities without obtaining mandatory product attestation certificate and marking with China Compulsory Certification mark.
Reference standards include GB6675-03，GB19865， GB14746，GB14747，GB14748，GB14749.。
* European Commission authorized Standardization (CEN) is vigorously implementing EN71-9,-10,-11 standards; Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy and other member countries have formally started the implementation of the standards.
According to the national standards of each countries, on generally, the test can be divided into 3 main parts:
Physical and mechanical test、Flammability test 、Chemical test for toxic element migration.
Physical and mechanical test
This part regulates safety technological requirements on the mechanical and physical properties of toys used by different age
groups with a range of kids from the newborn babies to 14-years-old children, and also provides requirements on the pack-
aging, labeling and usage instructions. Toys shall not collapse during tests, shall not be swallowed, and there shall be no
sharp edge, noise and sharp points, which may hurt lives and health of children.
Customers shall be specially reminded to mark out age stages when providing samples, as the test requirements for different age groups are vastly different.
|■ Sharp Point
■ Sharp Edge
■ Small Parts Test
■ Bite Test
■ Press Test
■ Twist Test
■ Impact Test
■ Seam Tension Test
■ Tension Test
■ Torque Test
|■ Noise Level(In House Method)
■ Dynamic Strength(EN71)
■ Packaging Films
■ Projectiles Toys(EN71/US ASTM F963)
■ Projectiles Kinetic Energy Test(BS EN71/EN71/US ASTM F963)
■ Hair Retention Test(UKBTHA)
■ Surface Radiation
■ Corrosion Test-Neutral salt Spray Test
■ Lamination Adhesion Test (Modification of ASTM D3359-95)
■ FLAMMABILITY TEST
Toys related to the need for flame test：
* Toys that can be put on the head (eg beards)；
* Toy dress-up clothes and the toy dressed by the children in play (eg nurse uniforms)；
* Toys which children can enter (eg toy tent)；
* Soft toys filled with textile yarn or fabric.
The flame on speed regulated in EN71 shall be less than 30mm/s, generally and the flame speed regulated in ASTM F963-03 shall be less than 2.5 mm/s. American standard is comparatively much stricter.
It shall be specially reminded that there shall be no flammable gas, extremely flammable liquids, flammable liquids and flammable gel.
CHEMICAL TEST FOR TOXIC ELEMENT MIGRATION
Test on toys for toxic element mainly refers to test on eight categories heavy metal content and on total lead. For the total lead limit value and the release of toy painting (equivalent to coating), please refer to the following table：
OTHER CHEMICAL TEST
Di(2-Ethy0 Hexy0)Phthalate Content-DEHP(ASTM D3421-75)
Formaldehyde Content(JIS Method)
Six(6)Phthalates Content 99/815/EC Directive
Tin and Lead content in Soldering
Di-buty1 Phthalate Content-DBP
12-16 Phthalates in PVC
Azo-Dye in textile or leather materials
Nitrosamines in rubber Nipple
Flame Retardant as PBB, PBDE
ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONLC TOYS TEST
U.S.ASTM F963 Electrical Test on B/O toys
EMC test-EMC Directive 89/336/EEC
FCC Part 15 Verification
R&TTE for Radio Controlled Items
U.S.CPSC Part 1500.48，Part 1500.49 ，16 CFR 1510/ASTM F963
Canada Hazardous Products(Toys) Regulation(Section25)
British Standard BS EN71-1/European standard EN71-1/French Standard NF EN71-1